A woman’s ovary is normal in size but has developed a number of small cysts inside. Women with this condition usually would have insufficient levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). The small cysts grow inside the ovary because the follicles remain immature and the egg is not released from the ovary.
Any irregularity in a woman's menstrual cycle such as abnormally short or long duration, light flow, heavy flow, presence of pain or even absence of a menstrual period. It is usually caused by hormonal imbalance but long term irregularities may also be caused by uterus fibroids, endometriosis or other problems related to the female reproductive organs.
This occurs when endometrial tissue (tissue that lines the inside of the uterus) abnormally grows outside the uterus cavity and attaches to other organs in the abdominal cavity such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes, thus affecting ovulation.
Also known as Leiomyoma, these are non-cancerous growth of the smooth muscle cells throughout the uterus. No known cause has been found for uterine fibroids, but these fibroids tend to shrink after menopause as they need estrogen to grow.
This refers to the obstetric emergency where there is substantial bleeding after delivery. It has been defined as post-delivery blood loss of 500ml or more in vaginal deliveries and 1000ml or more for caesarean deliveries. Sadly, it is the most common cause of perinatal maternal death in the developed world and is a major cause of maternal morbidity worldwide.
If labor is premature and starts when the gestational age is less than 37 completed weeks from the first day of the last menstrual period. The fact is the survival rate of neonates will increase with longer gestational age. Premature babies usually have complications that need special attention and healthcare, such as jaundice, respiratory disorders, etc.
It is when the cervix softens, relaxes, and extends or dilates which is in preparation for labor contractions and delivery. A cervical ripening agent may be administered if needed and as long as the fetus’s well-being is ensured.